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2 edition of E-type pronouns, I-sums, and donkey anaphora found in the catalog.

E-type pronouns, I-sums, and donkey anaphora

Shalom Lappin

E-type pronouns, I-sums, and donkey anaphora

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Published by Kluwer in [Netherlands] .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Offprint from Linguistics and philosophy 17.

Other titlesLinguistics and philosophy.
StatementShalom Lappin and Nissim Francez.
ContributionsFrancez, Nissim.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19784693M

anaphora and definite descriptions two applications of game theoretical semantics Posted By Cao Xueqin Public Library TEXT ID cef Online PDF Ebook Epub Library are doing in this book it is necessary to realize that our approach to linguistic theorizing differs from the prevailing views 10 this book is a collection of studies applying.


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E-type pronouns, I-sums, and donkey anaphora by Shalom Lappin Download PDF EPUB FB2

PDF | On Aug 1,Shalom Lappin and others published E-type pronouns, i-sums, and donkey anaphora | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate.

The study of donkey pronouns has generated an extensive literature on the nature of anaphora, quantification, and binding in natural language. (la) and (lb) are classic examples of donkey anaphora.

Artificial And donkey anaphora book Computational Linguistic Donkey Anaphora These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm by: E-TYPE PRONOUNS AND DONKEY ANAPHORA functor variable is just a plain individual variable, and we may write xl for ft.

The semantics of pronouns consists of one stipulation only: A pronoun is represented at LF as a term of the form f'~(vl. Descriptive Pronouns and Donkey Anaphora. Stephen Neale - - Journal of Philosophy 87 (3) Donkey Anaphora: The View From Sign Language (ASL and LSF).Author: Irene Heim.

This book deals with the semantics of and donkey anaphora book language expressions that are commonly taken to refer to individuals: pronouns, definite descriptions and proper names.

It claims, contrary to previous theorizing, that they all have a common syntax and semantics, roughly that which is currently associat ". E-type pronouns, i-sums, and donkey anaphora. Article. Full-text available. while the ruguo- and dou-conditionals are most naturally accounted for with the traditional E-type pronoun strategy.

Cheng and Huang () argue that both unselective binding and E-type pronoun strategies are necessary for the interpretation of natural language sentences and claim that there exists a correspondence between two sentence types in Chinese and the two strategies, namely that the interpretation of the “wh wh” construction (which they call “bare conditional”) employs the.

plural donkey anaphora in terms of the E-type strategy interacting with number marking. For the Japanese case, then, the question that arises is the following. We know that overt pronouns cannot be interpreted dynamically. We also know that the E-type strategy only applies to zero pronouns.

The question we have to answer. “Donkey anaphora” refers to the relation between pronouns such as it and he and their antecedents in sentences like those in (1). Every farmer who ons a donkey beats it. If a farmer owns a donkey, he beats is.

These pronouns do not have a referential pronominal interpretation like that of it in (2), where it refers to the cat. the crude E-type analysis of donkey pronouns. According to Evans (), a donkey pronoun like it in (3a) and (4a) is an instance of an E-type pronoun and is paraphrasable by a definite description as in (3b) and (4b): (3) a.

Every farmer who owns a donkey beats it. Every farmer who owns a donkey beats the donkey he owns. Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume ) Abstract. Lappin and Francez () present a theory of donkey anaphora which, they claim, captures both their existential and their universal readings, while maintaining a uniform representation of donkey pronouns.

Lappin, S., Francez, N.: E-type pronouns, i-sums. Barker and Shan define a donkey pronoun as "a pronoun that lies outside the restrictor of a quantifier or the antecedent of a conditional, yet covaries with some quantificational element inside it, usually an indefinite." The pronoun in question is sometimes termed a donkey pronoun or donkey anaphora.

readings of pronouns. Pragmatic anaphora. Partee () argued that “coreferential” anaphora should be viewed as just one subcase of a more general phenomenon of “pragmatic anaphora”, unifying examples like (1a), (2) and (8) below as a variety of ways in which a pronoun.

Lappin Shalom & Francez, Nissim (), E-type pronouns, I-sums, and Donkey anaphora. Linguistics & Philosophy – Luo, Zhaohui (), Formal Semantics in Modern Type Theories with Coercive Subtyping.

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Abstract. Lappin and Francez () present a theory of donkey anaphora which, they claim, captures both their existential and their universal readings, while maintaining a uniform representation of don-key pronouns.

This paper shows that their analysis does not in fact assign the correct truth conditions to donkey. In their article published in this journal, Pan and Jiang () challenge the claims and proposals made in Cheng and Huang () concerning both the distributional patterns and interpretive strategies for donkey anaphora in Mandarin conditional.

They claim that all three types of conditionals (rúguǒ- dōu- and bare conditionals) allow either a wh-phrase or a pronoun in the consequent.

DONKEY ANAPHORA: BASIC ISSUES AND WAYS OF DEALING WITH THEM The term donkey anaphora refers to the phenomenon in which an anaphoric link is established between a pronoun and an indefinite NP (singular indefinite, bare NP or weak NP preceded by a cardinal such as three students) which does not c-command the pronoun.

By locating the parallel between donkey pronouns and definite plurals is located in the pragmatics rather than in the semantics, I avoid problems known to arise for some previous accounts according to which donkey pronouns and definite plurals both have plural referents (Krifka ; Yoon ).

Bare Plurals and Donkey Anaphora Bare Plurals and Donkey Anaphora Lasersohn, Peter PETER LASERSOHN This paper argues that a kinds-based analysis of bare plurals is incompatible with an analysis of donkey anaphors as variables. However, kinds are compatible with an E-type analysis. Generically interpreted bare plural noun phrases license donkey anaphora.

With this background in mind, we turn to simple cases of donkey anaphora. The generalization seems to be rather clearly that in all simple cases, there can be a formal link - realized by pointing - between an E-type pronoun and its (non c-commanding) antecedent. (7) a. ONE aCL STUDENT COME PARTY.

aIX HAVE-FUN. ‘A student came to the party. ABRAÇOS, J. & LOPES, J. «Extending DRT with a focusing mechanism for pronominal anaphora and ellipsis resolution», in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING'94).

ALI, S. «A structured representation for noun phrases and anaphora», in Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. resentation of a donkey pronoun are salient. For existential readings, a pragmatic account in the spirit of LF’s analysis in terms of a cardinality constraint is maintained.

Keywords: Donkey anaphora, E-type pronouns, strong and weak read-ings, i-sums. 1 Introduction Sentences with intrasentential donkey anaphora are known to give rise to both. Bibliography Heim, I. E-type pronouns and donkey stics and Philosophy, – Henkin, L. Completeness in the theory of types.

Journal of. donkey pronouns that treats them as a species of definite descriptions, much as Condoravdi and which groups ‘description-theoretic’ solutions to donkey anaphora into two groups, E-type and D-type, under which this analysis is reclassified as D-type.

Later in the book he extends his treatment to proper names, which take a null the. Anaphora (in the narrow sense, species of endophora) a. Susan dropped the plate.

It shattered loudly. – The pronoun it is an anaphor; it points to the left toward its antecedent the plate. The music stopped, and that upset everyone. – The demonstrative pronoun that is an anaphor; it points to the left toward its antecedent The music stopped.

Donkey pronouns (e.g., it in Every farmer who owns a donkey beats it) are argued to have an interpretation more similar to a demonstrative phrase (e.g., beats that donkey) than to any of the other alternatives generally considered (e.g., the donkey(s) he owns, a donkey he owns).

Like the demonstrative phrase, the pronoun is not equivalent to Evans' E-type paraphrase, nor to. Schlenker, Philippe,“Donkey Anaphora in Sign Language II: The Presuppositions of Pronouns”, Proceedings of the NELSSpecial Session on Pronouns.

–––,“Donkey Anaphora and Sign Language I: E-type vs. Dynamic Accounts”, in Logic, Language and Meaning: Proceedings of the Amsterdam ColloquiumAloni and Schulz.

LAPPIN, S., and FRANCEZ, N., "E-type pronouns, I-sums, and Donkey anaphora", Linguistics and Philosophy, Vol. 17, pp.NELKEN, R., and FRANCEZ, N., "Splitting the reference time: The analogy between nominal and temporal anaphora revisited", Journal of.

pronouns involved in donkey anaphora is semantically inert. I hope to show that Neale's treatment can be made to have a broader empirical compass, and that at least part of the enigma surrounding the kind of donkey anaphora exhibited in cases where the antecedents are singular count noun phrases, if it.

E-type pronouns, I-sums, and donkey anaphora. Linguistics and Philosophy, (). First-Order Logic and Automated Theorem Proving. First-Order Logic. Formal Foundations of. In English grammar, "anaphora" is the use of a pronoun or other linguistic unit to refer back to another word or phrase.

The adjective is anaphoric, and the term is also known by the phrases anaphoric reference or backward anaphora. A word that gets its meaning from a preceding word or phrase is called an anaphor.

The pronoun it in (4) is a donkey pronoun that is most naturally interpreted as co-varying with a phrase, a medal, that does not c-command the pronoun. (4) Every skier [ RC who won a medal i ] proudly wore it i home to Norway. Schlenker, Philippe,“Donkey Anaphora in Sign Language II: The Presuppositions of Pronouns”, Proceedings of the NELSSpecial Session on Pronouns.

(Scholar) –––,“Donkey Anaphora and Sign Language I: E-type vs. Dynamic Accounts”, in Logic, Language and Meaning: Proceedings of the Amsterdam Colloquium   A must read for anyone interested in donkey anaphora, and recommended for anyone in the East Coast school of semantics. REFERENCES Burge, T.

Reference and proper names. Journal of Philosophy. Geurts, B. Good news for the description theory of names. Journal of Semantics. Heim, I.

E-type pronouns and donkey anaphora. Donkey sentences are sentences that contain a pronoun whose reference is clear to the reader (it is bound semantically) but whose syntactical role in the sentence poses challenges to grammarians.

The pronoun in question is sometimes termed a donkey pronoun or donkey anaphora. The following sentences are examples of donkey sentences.

Omne homo habens asinum videt illum. Anaphora and Semantic Interpretation 1st edition that it is not trivial to build a partial theory of types.

First, there is good evidence that in sign language, there is a single system of anaphora using loci for denoting individuals, times, and worlds. Elbourne begins by addressing donkey anaphora, relating other concerns about pronouns to the solution of this notorious problem.

His subsequent argumentation provides a unified semantics for the donkey anaphoric and bound and referential uses of pronouns and discusses the prospect of unifying the syntax and semantics of pronouns with the syntax Reviews: 1.

The theory of cognitive grammar, developed by Ron Langacker, assumes that there are in fact only three kinds of linguistic units: semantic, phonological, and symbolic, where a symbolic unit is a bipolar unit consisting of a semantic unit paired with a phonological unit, similar to a Saussurean “sign.” Cognitive grammar takes the position that syntactic phenomena can be fully characterized.

using his own numbering. Barker takes E-type approaches to anaphora to analyze the pronoun in (2) A donkey is outside. It has long ears. as a definite description. This tradition originated with Evans, but, signi ficantly, as above, he 'liberated' his account, towards the end, to allow a possible choice of referent.

A donkey pronoun is a pronoun that is bound in semantics but not syntax.[1][2] Some writers prefer the term donkey anaphora, since it is the referential aspects and discourse or syntactic context that are of interest to researchers (see anaphora).Bekki, D.

(b). Typed dynamic logic for e-type link. In Third Inter-national Conference on Discourse Anaphora and Anaphor Resolution (DAARC), Lancaster University, U.K., pp. 39– (). Book review of Linda M. Moxey and Anthony J.

San-ford. Communicating Quantities. Heim, I. (). E-type pronouns and donkey anaphora. 2. Donkey pronouns. The relationship between a pronoun and its antecedent is one that has received a great deal of attention in linguistics and philosophy.

We say that a pronoun is anaphoric, as opposed to deictic, for example, if it depends for its interpretation on an antecedent expression elsewhere in the sentence or the discourse.